Tuesday , 20 October 2020
roen

Art. 03 – Vol. 22 – No. 2 – 2012

Analysis of Cybercrime Incriminated by Current Legislation and in Terms of the New Criminal Code

Valentin FLORESCU
valentin@ici.ro
National Institute for Research and Development in Informatics – ICI – Bucharest

Gabriela FLORESCU
gflores@ici.ro
National Institute for Research and Development in Informatics – ICI – Bucharest

Abstract: This article addresses the reader without law background. It briefly reviews cybercrime giving up the specific expression of law science to make clear information as may come to meet the general principle of law “Nemo censetur ignorare legem” (No one can claim not knowing the law).

To prevent and combat cybercrime, ensuring human rights and data protection, Member States of the Europe Council, together with the United States, Canada, Japan and South Africa as observers, were designed and then signed on 23-XI-2001 (less USA), “Convention on cyber crime” and on January 28, 2003, was submitted for ratification by Member States of the  Europe Council, “Additional Protocol to the Convention on cyber crime”,  regarding the incrimination of acts of racial and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems, which was signed by our country on 9 October 2003.

By these acts, it was established the legal basis necessary in criminal investigations, sanctions and international cooperation in cybercrime issues.

Romanian legislator has regulated in the spirit of “Convention on cyber crime” of Council of Europe that matter, in Title III of Book I, entitled “Preventing and combating cybercrime”, Articles 34-67 of the special criminal law 161/2003 – “On some measures to ensure transparency and public exercise of senior civil service and in business environment, corruption preventing and punishing.”

View full article

In the new Criminal Code of Romania, cybercrimes are covered by the directives given by Council of Europe Convention of 23-XI-2001 on cybercrime, which makes the provisions of Law 161/2003, be transferred to the new Code, as such or with changes and new regulations.

Keywords: Cybercrime, Criminal Code, Legislation.

REFERENCES

  1. Constituţia României, modificată şi completată prin Legea de revizuire a Constituţiei României nr. 429/2003, publicată în Monitorul Oficial, Partea I, nr. 758 din 29
    octombrie 2003;
  2. Noul Cod penal al României, iulie 2009;
  3. Convenţia Consiliul Europei din 23/11/2001 privind criminalitatea informatică, publicat în Monitorul Oficial, Partea I nr. 343 din 20/04/2004, Seria Tratatelor Europene nr. 185;
  4. Legea nr. 161 din 19 aprilie 2003 privind unele masuri pentru asigurarea transparentei în exercitarea demnităţilor publice, a funcţiilor publice şi în mediul de afaceri, prevenirea şi sancţionarea corupţiei, Titlul III, publicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 279 din 21 aprilie 2003;
  5. Direcţia de Investigare a Infracţiunilor de Criminalitate Organizată şi Terorism, Raport de activitate 2011 http://www.diicot.ro/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=
    52&Itemid=69;
  6. Decizia Consiliului Uniunii Europene nr.375 privind combaterea pornografiei infantile prin Internet, 9 iunie 2000;
  7. Internet Crime Compliant Center (IC3) – http://www.ic3.gov/default.aspx
  8. National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C)http://www.nw3c.org/
  9. ThreatExpert – http://www.threatexpert.com
  10. American Criminal Law Review – http://www.americancriminallawreview.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.